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Rein, D., Paglieroni, T. G., Wun, T., Pearson, D. A., Schmitz, H. H., Gosselin, R., and Keen, C. L. Cocoa inhibits platelet activation and function. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;72(1):30-35. View abstract.

Rein, M. J., Renouf, M., Cruz-Hernandez, C., Actis-Goretta, L., Thakkar, S. K., and da Silva, Pinto M. Bioavailability of bioactive food compounds: a challenging journey to bioefficacy. Br.J Clin Pharmacol. 2013;75(3):588-602. View abstract.

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Roura, E., Andres-Lacueva, C., Estruch, R., Lourdes Mata, Bilbao M., Izquierdo-Pulido, M., and Lamuela-Raventos, R. M. The effects of milk as a food matrix for polyphenols on the excretion profile of cocoa (-)-epicatechin metabolites in healthy human subjects. Br.J Nutr 2008;100(4):846-851. View abstract.

Roura, E., Andres-Lacueva, C., Estruch, R., Mata-Bilbao, M. L., Izquierdo-Pulido, M., Waterhouse, A. L., and Lamuela-Raventos, R. M. Milk does not affect the bioavailability of cocoa powder flavonoid in healthy human. Ann.Nutr Metab 2007;51(6):493-498. View abstract.

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Sathyapalan, T., Beckett, S., Rigby, A. S., Mellor, D. D., and Atkin, S. L. High cocoa polyphenol rich chocolate may reduce the burden of the symptoms in chronic fatigue syndrome. Nutr J 2010;9:55. View abstract.

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Scheife, R. T. and Hills, J. R. Migraine headache: signs and symptoms, biochemistry, and current therapy. Am J Hosp.Pharm 1980;37(3):365-374. View abstract.

Schnorr, O., Brossette, T., Momma, T. Y., Kleinbongard, P., Keen, C. L., Schroeter, H., and Sies, H. Cocoa flavanols lower vascular arginase activity in human endothelial cells in vitro and in erythrocytes in vivo. Arch.Biochem.Biophys. 8-15-2008;476(2):211-215. View abstract.

Scholey, A. B., French, S. J., Morris, P. J., Kennedy, D. O., Milne, A. L., and Haskell, C. F. Consumption of cocoa flavanols results in acute improvements in mood and cognitive performance during sustained mental effort. J Psychopharmacol. 11-26-2009; View abstract.

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